Origami – the art of paper folding

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Basharat Bashir

The beautiful art of carving by just folding a square-shaped sheet of paper known as Origami, originated in Japan. Many two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures can be formed by folding sheets of paper. Cutting was part of traditional origami, but modern origami practitioners or folders prefer to create shapes without any use of cutting, gluing or marking on paper. Origami is a Japanese term and in the beginning this art of paper folding was associated with Japanese culture, but in modern times the word “origami” is used as an inclusive term for all folding practices regardless of their culture. or their origin.

Like many other art forms, origami was also used for sacred purposes, it started in temples where paper was folded in a special way to be presented as a sign of appreciation to the gods. It then became a form of entertainment and games for a variety of ages as it was taught in schools. But it is not just limited to entertainment or pleasure as it also improves spatial awareness, logical and sequential thinking as well as focus and concentration. This unique and ancient art form is making a comeback and seeing it all around us. At a time when we are very aware of environmental changes and prefer to use eco-friendly materials to reduce plastics and polyethylene, paper is the best alternative. And using paper creatively is a virtuous way to appreciate the cause. Whether it’s a pizza box, a paper bag or fancy envelopes and napkins on the dining table, they are all beautifully made with the origami technique.

In this unique art form, a square shaped sheet of paper is usually used in different sizes and it usually has a colored or printed side and a plain white side. However, two-tone and patterned versions also exist. Lightweight paper is used to achieve more creases and creases. From a very simple shape like a paper plane or a paper boat to very complex detailed shapes like realistic animal figures can be formed by origami techniques. The best known origami model is the Japanese paper crane. While origami has traditionally been made with a single square sheet of paper and a series of precise folds, modern origami has many variations that are not limited by the shape of the paper but still have flexibility to explore further. to create new versions. In these variants there are no limits, folders can use many different techniques to showcase their art of folding. There are different types of origami and based on different techniques and styles, the art of origami is divided into different categories.

Origami action

Action Origami is a kind of animated origami, it includes flying or moving origami. The original traditional action origami is the flying bird. Action origami, after the model is completed, requires the kinetic energy of a person’s hands, applied to a certain region to animate it. Spinners paper planes that have no moving parts are also included in action origami. Traditional action origami sometimes involved cuts, but modern models are usually built without cuts. Action origami is usually a toy, built to amuse, but some are designed to inspire and amaze. Action origami first appeared with the traditional Japanese flapping bird. Robert Lang’s “Instrumentalists” are also famous examples of action origami. Lang is recognized as one of the leading theorists of origami mathematics. In his “instrumentalists” model, when the figures’ heads are moved away from their bodies, their hands move, resembling playing music.

Wet folding,

It is a technique of forming patterns with gentle curves rather than straight geometric folds. This technique is used to produce realistic animal models with intricate detail. Moistened paper is used so that it can be molded easily due to its softness and flexibility, but the model takes its final shape only after it dries.

pure land origami

This type of origami adds the restrictions that only simple triangular or mountainous folds can be used, and all folds must have simple locations. It was developed by John Smith in the 1970s to help inexperienced folders or those with limited motor skills. Some designers also like the challenge of creating within very strict constraints.

Origami mosaicsis

It is one of the creative and intricate techniques that can create intricate and repeating patterns on a plane by folding a single sheet of paper. A tessellation consists of arranging shapes side by side to produce a pattern with no space in between. In this technique, the single sheet of paper is folded so that it has a mosaic pattern. Origami mosaics can be used for figurative models representing an animal or as decoration on origami boxes.

Kirigami

Kirigami is another variant of origami; the term is used for paper cutting. Modern technical innovations negate the use of cuts in origami. Most origami designers do not consider models with cuts to be origami, but the term Kirigami is used to describe them. A three-dimensional design that moves away from the surface or sheet of paper is created by cutting and folding the paper.

Folding origami fringe or strips

It is a technique that combines paper folding and paper weaving. Many origami fanatics have embraced this paper art form. Along with paperpalmweavingis also included in this kind of art by some origami artists.

Folding tea bags

It refers to the folding of tea bag wrappers. This unique style of origami was introduced by a Dutchwoman named Tiny van der Plaas. She first used tea bag wrappers in 1992 as decorative paper and was inspired to use them in greeting cards. Since then, tea bag folding continues to be a popular method for making cards and decorations.


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